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Singer 201 Singer 201k

The best sewing machine ever made?

  Main Index                           Skylark Country

 

 

                Alex I Askaroff

Writer and master craftsman Alex Askaroff has spent a lifetime in the sewing industry and is considered one of the foremost experts of pioneering machines and their inventors. He has written extensively for trade magazines, radio, television, books and publications world wide.

 

Books by Alex Askaroff

 

 
 

The Singer 201 sewing machine

1928-1963

Don't you love the beauty spot. Where have they all gone?

I have recently been working with the television production crew for the next BBC series of The Great British Sewing Bee and we wanted to pick an iconic sewing machine to film. Well in the history of sewing machines there was one model that leapt out, the Singer 201.

Someone once said to me that 'nothing lasts like quality' and the Singer 201, built by families that had worked for generations at the same factories, proved the case with the Singer model 201.

A little history

After the Great War, mass production from technologies learnt during wartime, and the supply of electricity into houses led to massive advances in sewing machine technology. The pinnacle of this technology by the 1930's can be seen in the stunning performance of Singer's latest offering, the formidable model 201, which was produced in Britain at Kilbowie, Clydebank.

This British masterpiece of engineering was expensive but opened up a whole new era of opportunities amongst the working classes of Britain. The 1930's were hard, the world was suffering from a massive depression sparked by the Wall Street crash in America. The ripples were felt around the globe and millions of men found themselves out of work.


This well-worn basic Singer 201 made in 1951 (Singers centenary year) had changed little since 1930. It was still cast iron and, as you can see by the open-spoke wheel, this one was originally supplied as a hand machine.

In Britain unemployment and poverty manifested itself in uprisings like the Jarrow March in October of 1936. However new opportunities were also opening up. For the first time a truly professional machine was now available to the masses. There was almost a Singer shop in every town and city in the country and in the shop windows was the new Singer model 201. Although expensive, with the help of hire purchase, first introduced on mass by Singer and his partner Edward Clark in the 1850's, women found that they could buy the Singer 201, pay for it over a period of years and earn a living from the machine at the same time.

The Singer 201 was a work horse, it could be used hard and almost continuously. Whether making curtains or costumes, the woman of the household could earn a living with the machine, helping with the household bills and upkeep. For normal domestic use the Singer 201 would have been supplied as a hand machine or treadle but for the professional it could have a motor attached to it and could run at over 1,100 stitches per minute.

The Singer 201 earned a reputation for reliability and stitch quality that was second to none and many households dressed their children and fed their families from money earned on this fabulous model.

 

One of the greatest sewing machine factories on the planet produced many of the Singer 201 machines.

The Singer 201 machine


1939 the Singer 201 hits the streets in big numbers. It was cast iron, heavy and superb with the added option of an electric motor for an extra £5.17s or buying it complete in its cabinet as shown here, already electrified. The modern world was here. Although the majority of houses in rural areas still did not have electricity it was sweeping through the streets, towns and cities. An electric machine was three times faster and you could use both hands for sewing, as shown here.

Here is a clip that I did about hire purchase and the fabulous Singer 201

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBXWzJGXlX8

 

The Singer model 201 first hit the streets just before the Great depression of 1929 but sales really took off for the Singer 201 just before World War II and boy what a machine it was, quite possibly the finest straight stitch domestic sewing machine in the world at the time. However by 1939 Singer was busy with the war effort and so all but essential sewing machines took a back burner.

Singer during World War Two

During WW2 Singers, like most manufacturing companies, helped with the war effort and turned most of their machinery over to production of items like bullets and hand grenades. Singers received their first order for 100,000 Mills No36 hand grenades in July of 1940 and marked their Mills bombs with the SMC company logo. In America and Canada the Singer factories helped with automatic pistols, propellers, bomb sights, carbines, B-29 machine gun control systems and much more.

Sewing machines during this period, and after the end of hostilities, became scarce and sought after, some customers waiting for over a year for their new sewing machine.

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Post War Singer

Britain, like most of war-torn Europe was trying to rebuild after the devastation of World War Two, however materials were in scarce supply and huge demand. The British Board of Trade implemented strict regulations to allow material to be used in manufacturing. Singer would have to achieve a 50% export rate to allow it to meet its material allowances. If it fell below that, steel and other materials would have been diverted to other more profitable companies.


This is one of the last Singer 201 cast iron sewing machines, advertised in 1951. Within a few years all Singer 201's were alloy and a lot lighter. Many thanks to the SMC. The glamorous girl is one of Singers shop demonstrators, not a model brought in for the shot. Someone may know who she is, alexsussex@aol.com

However there was one benefit. From the end of hostilities, surplus of aluminium used throughout the aircraft and other military industries was ideal for Singers, who traditionally worked in cast iron, (except for their model 221).

Singers, managed to obtain large enough amounts of aluminium and the raw materials to allow the Singer 201 to be made in aluminium for the first time. The factory retooled and formed new castings and by the early 1950's they were producing the first Singer 201k sewing machines in aluminium.

Legends tells that more than one Singer today may be made of recycled Spitfires. Lancasters and Hurricanes. Initially the 201 came in black, like its pre-war cast iron counterpart, but soon switched to a more modern 1950's brown.

The full rotary hook and high-carbon super-hard corkscrew meshing gears, all set in a lighter alloy body, gave the machine a smoothness that other sewing machine manufacturers could only dream about. But all this came at a cost. It became Singers most expensive domestic sewing machine at the time.

Buying a Singer 201 by Alex Askaroff Youtube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-NVWFkm0sA&list=UL

The Singer 201was bought mainly by professional machinists who would sew for a living. The Singer 201was pretty much bullet proof and could take a direct hit from a nuclear missile and still sew.

Today there is still no domestic sewing machine made that will stitch better than the Singer 201sewing machine that is in good working order.

Prices of the Singer 201

When the Singer 201 first came out its basic price in a wooden box was £13.17s (the Singer 128k was £9.17s 6d, the Singer 66 £11.10s). The differences do not sound much today but they were huge back then.

The price for the 201 was for their hand model but for £5.17s you could upgrade to electric.

This price stayed pretty stable from the 1930's right up to the early 1940's when the same Singer 201 would cost between £13.7s and £15.8s. Add to this basic price the cabinet of your choice and motor.

By the 1950's an electric Singer 201, in its basic wood case was supplied at £20.10s.

Whereas pre-war you would stipulate 'electric wanted' and pay the extra, by the 1950's you would have to ask for a hand or treadle machine as the majority were now supplied as electric.

Don't forget the price could almost double if you wanted one of Singer fine cabinets supplied with it. The Singer factory in Kilbowie had over 2,000 trained cabinet makers.

Now there was massive inflation in the 1950's and by 1961 the Singer 201 had rocketed up to over £66. This was disastrous for Singers, when some new far eastern competitors were supplying machines at a little over a tenner.

Of course there were cash discounts and other incentives and sales, there was also Singers hire purchase where the machine worked out more expensive. But you get the general idea.

Singer 201 during WWII


The Singer 201 during the war. Picture courtesy of Mrs Milligan, one of my customers.


Singer's 201 was undoubtedly the pinnacle of Singer's quality machines. The 201 had arrived on the scene after nearly a century of evolution. It had the very best features of all Singer's models and a price-tag to match.

The Singer 201 has gone down in history as possibly Singer's finest model. Although technology has moved on, quality has not. The Singer 201came with a few letters such as the 210k (the K that sometimes follows the number denotes that it was made in in Kilbowie, Scotland) or the Singer 201P which was assembled in Australia using parts from Kilbowie. There were also subclasses such as Singer 201k1 or 2 or 22 etc which were pretty much identical. The big change was the switch to an aluminium body for lightness. The Singer 201 sewing machines were made up until the early 1960's when they became unviable.


The huge Singer clock at Kilbowie was over 80 feet round and could be seen from almost every house in the area. There was little excuse for the 12,000 workers be late when they lived next to the largest clock in Europe.

The Singer 201 simply represents the very best that Singer's could make and was built to last a lifetime. Even today many professional sewers seek out this elusive model as no new machine can come close to this beauty for reliability and stitch quality.

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Rolls Royce

Legend has it that Rolls Royce used modified Singer 201sewing machines to sew its premium super-soft hide to panels for some of their finer car upholstery and dashboards as the Singer 201 made a small neat hole compared to the larger machines. I doubt if it is true but you can see how a machine of this quality can start rumours like this.

I certainly know of a bookbinders that switched to the Singer 201 sewing machines from industrials at their factory. I used to service the machines for the bookbinders and remember clearly the rows of Singer 201's, sewing away so quietly compared to the normal factory din.


Here I am sewing a new zip into a leather handbag. The alloy 201 went through six layers of soft leather with a size 18/110 needle. It was hard work but I managed it. You could not sew anything thicker with reliable results, though there are few domestic machines that could handle that sort of work without damage.

All the early Singers were cast iron but around the early 1950's Singer also produced an Aluminium version to reduce weight, firstly in black then later in brown.

The first Singer 201 cast iron machines weighed a ton and were known in the trade as Back-Breakers! The alloy 201's were lighter and lost a bit of the ooompf (how do you spell that!) on the heavier work!


The ultimate Singer showroom with the fabulous Singer 222 and the Singer 201, their two flagship machines in 1957.

I remember a joke going around when I was a kid about how difficult it was to get new sewing machines in the 1950's. A woman walks into a Singer shop in post war Britain. "I would like to buy a new Singer." The Singer man just shrugs, "Wouldn't we all madam, wouldn't we all."

In reality times were so hard and material so scarce that they would be put on a waiting list and be notified when one was ready. Some people would wait months for a new machine. A little bit different to today eh! 

Now when I say expensive let me explain...


Singer 201k receipt 1940 when a land girl's wages were 10 shillings a week.
 

You can see from the receipt that Mrs Jeffrey paid 13 pounds 17 shillings and tuppence for her brand new Singer 201 in 1940. Her weekly wage as a domestic at that time was just over 10 shillings. The average normal wage was a little over one pound. She had paid the equivalent of 27 weeks wages for her Singer 201K. WOW.

Half a years wages for a Singer 201 sewing machine!

Now in today's money what would that be? Work out what half your years wages are and you have what the Singer 201 cost in 1940. Basically they cost the same as a decent car today! Now you know why the Singer 201K machines sew better than their modern plastic counterparts. I once met a man who paid £50 for his Singer when new. He only remembered the price because he paid £500 for his house!


The last Singer 201's were angular alloy and varied colours. They were still superb machines but the earlier all cast iron models handled thicker material slightly better because of the heavier flywheel/handwheel.

The Singer 201 ran for nearly three decades before its production costs made it unviable and production at Kilbowie and elsewhere ceased. It was the end of an era and the end of possibly the best straight stitch Singer ever made.

Sew with a Singer 201K today in good working order and you will see what I mean, puuuurfection.

The Singer 201sewing machine

The Final Singer 201 was a browny-beige and by 1963 it was no more. The finest sewing machine in the world became too expensive to make.

Japanese cheap imports were flooding the market and this old beauty was put to bed. By 1963 you could buy over 100 sewing machines cheaper than the 201 and the 201 only did a straight stitch!

Today the Singer 201K go for silly low-prices on Ebay because no one realises how well they were made or how much they used to cost.

If you enjoy your sewing and don't need all the fancy stitches grab a Singer 201K while you still can. It is a machine that will make you smile with each stitch.

Books by Alex Askaroff

 

The Singer 201k Sewing Machine, simple perfection.

Which Report 1961

Best Buy, the Singer 201

In 1961 Which Magazine tested over 40 sewing machines that were on the market at the time. The tests were amazingly in-depth and, as the magazine stated, the machines were expected to take substantial work over a lifetime.

You cannot imagine anyone making anything today that was built to last a lifetime! Where did it all go wrong? For example each electrical foot controller was tested over 75,000 times to review its capability.

The Singer 201, won the Which Magazine overall best machine, remembering that Which was an unbiased and independent magazine never weakening to flattery.

After extensive testing and abuse, including dropping the machines, the magazine stated that... The Singer 201 and Necchi Supernova cannot be seriously faulted.

They were the best but also the dearest machines. The Singer 201 cost £66. 1s. 3d. (the Universal Sew Maid cost £11. 19s.).

The average wage in 1961was well under £20 per week in the UK so as a minimum the 201 relates to around one months wages. That relates to the sewing machine costing over £1,000 at today's value and that is after the machine became relatively cheaper to its original 1930's price.

No wonder it was such a beauty! The 201 was costing over six times the price of some of the other sewing machines! It was closely followed in price by the fabulous lightweight Singer 222k at £65. 15s. 6d.

Production of the Singer 201 finished by early 1960 but there was still stock being sold at various Singer outlets as late as 1963.

 


The Singer 201 was so expensive that some people paid over years for their machines. Not like today where some cheap machines will last you a few years before they takes up their rightful place on the rubbish mountain. Oh, and in their brief time they will stitch like only plastic can!

 

By any standards, a well set Singer 201, is simply unbeatable for stitch quality.
Alex Askaroff

Buying a Singer 201 by Alex Askaroff Youtube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-NVWFkm0sA&list=UL

 

 
  I spend countless hours researching and writing these pages and I love to hear from people so drop me a line and let me know what you thought: alexsussex@aol.com

News Flash!

Books by Alex Askaroff

Both Sussex Born and Bred, and Corner of the Kingdom
 are now available instantly on Kindle and iPad.

      

Fancy a funny read: Ena Wilf  & The One-Armed Machinist

A brilliant slice of 1940's life: Spies & Spitfires


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 Skylark Country

 

Dear Alex, 
I moved into my new house and found a 201k in the basement in its box. I googled and found your site and so I used it and it is so so amazing ! I work in the leather trade and I can sew soft leather with it and all other materials. Simply amazing I am truly blest! 
Kind wishes
Crystal Fischetti

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Hello

I have been moved to email you and let you know how enlightening your article on the singer sewing machine was to read today.

I have just rescued a 201K had no idea about the history related to the sewing machine but I am absolutely delighted and it runs like a dream - so smooth - its going to have an easy life of simple admiration with the occasional use - but all the same I am so pleased to be its owner now.

Thank you for your article
Take care

Christine

Dear Alex,

Even though I love sewing machines, I have only just got into the computer hence only two weeks ago properly explored' your web site - Alex it is awesome I cannot believe all the information you have put there for us all.

I found a machine in a neat cabinet. I looked up the machine on your site later,  fascinating to read all about the sewing machine which I had overlooked!  The Singer 201 is in pristine condition, it sews beautifully and after reading the info now I know why.

Anyway I just wanted to thank you.  However, I must stop collecting machines, I am running out of space!

kind regards,
Dorothy
 

Dear Alex,
 
My father bought a Singer 201 for my mother in 1940 something. I learned to sew on it when I was around 12 years old. The 201 is and always will be a cut above in the straight sewing arena and I always use the 201 to do all my straight sewing.
 
Reading your article has stirred a greater appreciation for my motherís wonderful and special sewing machine. I cannot thank you enough for sharing.
 
Sincerely,
 
Elmire Cantey

 

Hi Alex

Just a little note as your site has made me re-evaluate my sewing machine. I bought it from a second hand shop some years ago for £20 and it gets pulled out of the cupboard for a rare outing every now and then. I Googled singer 201K and found your site which tells me of its quality, I was cursing it for being old and second-hand and now realise I should really take better care of it!

Thanks
Veronica

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Dear Alex

Thank you for your page on the 201k. I actually bought the 201k for the cabinet the sewing machine was a bonus. I am astonished at how quiet, fast and smooth the machine is.  I am so delighted with this find and your article has increased my pleasure. I have another new sewing machine given to me by friends but the 201k is so very much better.

Kind regards

Mike

Hi Alex,
I have just watched a programme on Ch 4 on bombing in Britain during the war, and I thought that I saw a 201 in the rebuilt and simulated house of that time, so I Googled Singer 201.
 
As a young man in the 70s I wanted to buy a sewing machine, partly because I was a quasi hippy, and partly for its general utility, and was advised by a market trader in The Cut, Waterloo, to buy a Singer 201, he saying it was the best they ever made, and that rumour had it that Rolls Royce used the 201 to sew leather to quarter inch ply wood on the dashboards of their cars.
 
I bought my Singer from a shop in Bromley where I lived, for about £50, and being an engineer tuned and adjusted it. It has been a great machine, a real workhorse, and saved much money by allowing repairs.

As an engineer. I am heartbroken by the paucity of invention, and reducing standards of much consumer engineering, and this is one lovely example I will never get rid of, being firmly embedded in my 'grotto' of  iconic designs. I have wondered if the brown aluminium ones had any advantages though.

 

Best Wishes, Russell B.

Hi Alex. I went on the internet trying to find a manual for our old treadle but, with no joy.  Out of the blue, my Mother produced the very tatty manual, and also the attachments, for the Model No. 201K.  This drove me to the internet again to find out more, and I found your very informative webpage. What a wonderful surprise, little did we know the machine Dad bought in 1947 was one of the best!
Anita Bragg
South Africa

 

Hello, Alex!

I learnt sewing on a Singer 201k nearly 60 years ago, but my mother traded it in when I was about 18.

The other day I found another in a local charity shop. My husband cleaned and oiled it for me. What a joy it was to operate and hear the smooth and familiar sound.

I just love it and enjoyed reading its story.

Greetings from a happy
owner of a 201k in  Norway

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Dear sir

Have just found you article on the 201. Very interesting indeed.

The 201k is the Rolls Royce of sewing machines - but I had not realised how much they cost new! No wonder they are so good!

Yours sincerely

John Davies

Rev. T. John Davies, B.A.

 

Alex,

I just found your wonderful web site.  I really enjoyed it. 

Thank you for the great information.

Cheryl, Oklahoma

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Hi Alex:
Thank you for your fantastic article on the Singer 201. I picked up one of these gems in a cabinet, with manual and all attachments at a church rummage sale for 15 dollars! Sinful, I know. By the looks of the serial number, it was manufactured in 1940. My 11 year old son who loves all things vintage just squealed in delight when I bestowed his treasure on him.


I currently run a rehab center with eight Singer 401as tenants that are all being nursed back to health... wow, these old Singers can take so much abuse and neglect, and with a little elbow grease, rust remover, lubricant, and oil, they can come back screaming! They provide the straightest stitch.
Thank you for your article, I am now on the lookout for a few more 201 tenants!
Emily M USA

Hello,
I just came across your article and I loved the information it includes. There were many points I did not know about until now.
My first 201 was by accident, I had ordered a Singer machine on Ebay about 5 years ago with the seller not knowing what is was he was selling and low and behold it was a 201, I was in love with the elegant quality that Singer instilled in their machines so many years ago.
I just wanted you to know that I appreciate your article and all the research you did.
Have a great day and take care.
Cameron D USA
 

Hi, Alex-
Great website! In researching my old Canadian Singer 201, I found your article on that class of machines to be the most in depth and solid one I could find.

Thanks for a great resource!
Will McDonald

 

Hi,

I just wanted to write and say, THANK YOU for those great articles about the Singer machines.  I own several.  My husband just rehabbed a 1940 201 for me.  I sewed on it for the first time Saturday and it is a delight!  This is my first experience with a 201.  It is so quiet and the stitches are perfection.

I did a search for history of the machine and ended up on your page.  I thoroughly enjoyed reading about this wonderful machine.

Elaine
 

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Hi Alex

I have just used the Singer 201 to make 2 pairs of curtains for my daughter and it is indeed a fantastic machine. I am almost reluctant to admit that it sews a better stitch and sounds better than the Bernina! Now I don't know which one to refer to as my Rolls Royce!

Thank you for your very helpful website.
 

Kind regards

Lizzie

Dear Alex,

Thank you very much for the great site and wonderful info on all things sewing.  As a result of your helpful information I just purchased a used Singer 201k from 1941 (Ebay) and it is wonderful.  I use it to sew cotton duck and burlap heavy tote bags and the stitches are beautiful.  
 
Thanks again for the sewing education and the passion for these old great machines.

 
Wes Kosin
Goose, Creek, USA 

 

Dear Alex,
 
Iíve just read the article on your site Ė so interesting. I inherited my motherís 201K which she purchased in 1954, and still use it. 
My friend is a dressmaker, and even she says that she canít believe how straight and perfect the stitching is. I have since bought a modern Singer, all electronic and bells and whistles, but it canít compare for quality of stitching.
 
Thank you for a fascinating read.
Lorna in Scotland
 

Hi Alex

I am 72, and live in northern Australia. I have inherited a Singer 201K from a friend who passed away. This is the same as the machine I learned to sew on, in Canada in the 1950's!  I was delighted to be able to read your details about this wonderful machine on the internet, thank you so much for all that information about it!  It makes me appreciate the wonderful machine so much better.  
Thanks for the added appreciation you have given us!
cheers, Marilyn

 

 

 

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